This 19 rules must help a user or learner to solve this difficult task. so, let's have look on our this easy methods. সহজে ও অল্প কিছু basic নিয়মের মাধ্যমে Right Form of Verb শহিখুন।
Right form of verbs
Rule 1. Always, often, usually, normally, regularly, daily, occasionally, generally, sometimes, hardly, scarcely, seldom, twice, every + time, on + day ইত্যাদি থাকলে verb এর Present indefinite tense হবে.
Ex: 1. Usually, I ……. to drink tea. [like]
Ans: Usually, I like to drink tea.
2. She hardly …… here. [come]
Ans: She hardly comes here.
3. I …… to Dhaka every week. [visit]
Ans: I visit to Dhaka every week.
4. Generally children …. fond of sweets. [be]
Ans: Generally children are fond of sweets.
Note: মনে রাখতে হবে, Present indefinite tense এর ক্ষেত্রে third person singular number হলে মূল verb এর সাথে s বা es যুক্ত হবে.
Ex: 1. The sun --- in the east. [rise]
Ans: The sun rises in the east.
Ex: 2. Mr. Rahman normally --- coffee to tea. [prefer]
Ans: Mr. Rahman normally prefers coffee to tea.
Rule 2. Today, still, now, currently, at present, at this moment, at this time, this + time ইত্যাদি থাকলে Present continuous tense হবে.
Ex: 1. Now the girl ….. in the function. [dance]
Ans: Now the girl is dancing in the function.
2. We ….. to Dhaka today. [go]
Ans: We are going to Dhaka today.
3. Still my brother …….. . [sleep]
Ans: Still my brother is sleeping.
4. Currently, we …… a cinema. [enjoy]
Ans: Currently, we are enjoying a cinema.
Rule 3: Just, just now, already, lately, recently, presently, ever, never, yet ইত্যাদি থাকলে Present perfect tense হবে.
Ex: 1. We …. just at the picnic spot. [arrive]
Ans: We just have arrived at the picnic spot.
2. She …… to visit us recently. [come]
Ans: She has come to visit us recently.
3. I ….. never to Cox’s Bazar. [be]
Ans: I have never been to Cox’s Bazar.
Rule 4: For + time [period of time], since + time [point of time] ইত্যাদি থাকলে Present perfect continuous tense হবে.
Ex: 1.Mim ………for five hours. [talk]
Ans: Mim has been talking for five hours.
2. I …….. in this town since 2000. [live]
Ans: I have been living in this town since 2000.
Rule 5: Ago, long ago, long before, long since, once, once upon a time, the other day, that day, yesterday, previous + time, last + time ইত্যাদি থাকলে Past indefinite tense হবে.
Ex: 1. I ….. my friend last week. [meet]
Ans: I met my friend last week.
2. We …… a Football match yesterday. [enjoy]
Ans: We enjoyed a Football match yesterday.
3. She ….. with me very nicely the previous day. [behave]
Ans: She behaved with me very nicely the previous day.
Rule 6: To be, be, being, been, having, have, has, had ইত্যাদি থাকলে verb এর Past participle form হবে.
Ex: 1. It has to be … [do]
Ans: It has to be done.
2. Having …… there I will meet you. [go]
Ans: Having gone there I will meet you.
3. Being …… my duty I returned home. [complete]
Ans: Being completed my duty I returned home.
Rule 7: Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, dare, let, ought to, going to, used to, had better, had rather, would better, would rather এবং to এর পর সর্বদা verb এর base form/present form বসবে.
Ex: 1. You should ….. done this in time. [have]
Ans: You should have done this in time.
2. You must …… your parents. [obey]
Ans: You must obey your parents.
Rule 8: With a view to, look forward to, mind, worth, would you mind, get used to, cannot help, could not help, এবং যে কোন preposition এর পর verb এর ing form বসবে.
Ex:1. We read books with a view to …… knowledge. [achieve]
Ans: We read books with a view to achieving knowledge.
2. Would you mind ….. the door? [open]
Ans: Would you mind opening the door?
3. I cannot help …… there. [go]
Ans: I cannot help going there.
Rule 9. It is time, it is high time, wish, fancy, ইত্যাদি থাকলে past indefinite tense হবে.
Ex: 1. It is time we ----- our bad habit. [change]
Ans: It is time we changed our bad habit.
2. I wish I ----- a song. [sing]
Ans: I wish I sang a song.
3. I fancy I ----- a pale. [turn]
Ans: I fancy I turned a pale.
Rule 10. No sooner, hardly, scarcely, before, ইত্যাদি শব্দ সমুহ যদি দুটি বাক্যকে যুক্ত করে তবে প্রথম বাক্যটি past perfect tense হবে এবং দ্বিতিয় বাক্যটি past indefinite tense হবে.
Ex: 1. I had gone there before he ---- home. [return]
Ans: I had gone there before he returned home.
2. The patient ----- before the doctor came. [die]
Ans: The patient had died before the doctor came.
3. No sooner the baby ----- it’s mother than it started to cry. [see]
Ans: No sooner the baby had seen it’s mother than it started to cry.
4. Hardly I ----- the school when the assembly started. [reach]
Ans: Hardly had I reached the school when the assembly started.
Note 1. No sooner/scarcely/hardly ইত্যাদি থাকলে সাহায্যকারি verb টি subject এর পূর্বে বসবে.
Ex: No sooner had she gone there than her friend stopped talking.
Note 2. No sooner থাকলে দুটি বাক্যের মাঝখানে than বসবে কিন্তু hardly/scarcely থাকলে দুটি বাক্যের মাঝখানে when/before বসবে.
Ex:1. No sooner had I slept than he knocked at the door.
Hardly had I reached the school when the assembly started.
Rule 11. Since, as though, as if ইত্যাদি যদি দুটি বাক্যকে যুক্ত করে এবং তাদের প্রথমটি যদি present tense হয় তবে দ্বিতীয়টি past indefinite tense হবে. আবার প্রথমটি যদি past indefinite tense হয় তবে দ্বিতীয়টি past perfect tense হবে.
Ex: 1. The girl pretends as if she ---- everything. [know]
Ans: The girl pretends as if she knew everything.
2. It was many years since I ---- him last. [meet]
Ans: It was many years since I had met him last.
Note: As though, as if, wish, if ইত্যাদির পর সর্বদা be verb হিসেবে were ব্যবহার করতে হবে.
Ex: 1. I wish, I ---- a king. [be]
Ans: I wish I were a king.
2. He acts as though he ------ a mad. [be]
Ans: He acts as though he were a mad.
Rule 12.কোন simple sentence এর২য় verb টি সাধারণত Ing verb হবে. কিন্তু কখনো কখনো present form/past participle form হতে পারে.
Ex: 1. I saw the old man ---- from door to door. [beg]
Ans: I saw the old man begging from door to door.
2. I saw him ---- there. [go]
Ans: I saw him going there.
Rule 13.একই রকম দৈর্ঘ্য, প্রস্হ, পরিমাণ কিংবা পরিমাপ বুঝালে verb এর singular form হবে.
Ex: 1. Fifty miles ----- not a big distance. [be]
Ans: Fifty miles is not a big distance.
2. One hundred taka --- not a matter for me yesterday. [be]
Ans: One hundred taka was not a matter for me yesterday.
Note: Everybody, everyone, nobody, none, no one, anybody, any one, some body, someone, something, nothing, anything ইত্যাদির পর সবসময় verb এর singular form বসবে.
Ex:1 Everyone --- him for his honesty. [respect]
Ans: Everyone respects him for his honesty.
2. None --- an irresponsible person. [love]
Ans: None loves an irresponsible person.
Rule 14. চিরন্তন সত্য বা অভ্যাসগত কর্ম কিংবা বৈজ্ঞানিক সত্য বুঝালে verb টি Present indefinite tense হবে.
Ex:1. An honest man always --- the truth. [tell]
Ans: An honest man always tells the truth.
2. I --- holy Quran every day. [read]
Ans: I read holy Quran every day.
Rule 15.Oneday, tomorrow, some day, some time, in the future ইত্যাদি থাকলে future indefinite tense হবেকিন্তু by + time থাকলে future perfect tense হবে.
Ex: 1. I --- your house sometime. [visit]
Ans: I shall visit your house sometime.
2. I --- there by two P.M. [reach]
Ans: I shall have reached there by two P.M.
Rule 16. While যুক্ত বাক্যের প্রথম অংশটি Past continuous tense হবে এবং ২য় অংশটি Past indefinite tense হবে কিন্তু while এর পর subject না থাকলে verb এর ing form হবে.
Ex: 1. While I ---- home from my school, I witnessed an accident in front of my eyes. [return]
Ans: While I was returning home from my school, I witnessed an accident in front of my eyes.
2. While --- to him, I discovered some thing wrong in him. [speak]
Ans: While speaking to him, I discovered something wrong in him.
Rule: 17. মনে রাখতে হবে, after দ্বারা দুটি বাক্য যুক্ত হলে প্রথম বাক্যটি Past indefinite tense হবে এবং দ্বিতীয় বাক্যটি Past perfect tense হবে.
Ex: 1. A gusty wind started blowing after I ---- for Dhaka. [start]
Ans: A gusty wind started blowing after I had started for Dhaka.
Ex: 2. Bangladesh ---- India and South Africa after they had finished an amazing world cup. [overthrow].
Ans: Bangladesh overthrew India and South Africa after they had finished an amazing world cup.
Rule 18: As well as এবং Along with যদি দুটি sub কে যুক্ত করে, তবে ১ম sub অনুসারে verb ব্যবহৃত হবে।
Ex: 1: Tamim as well as other players ………. to our rising Cricket for many years. [contribute]
Ans: Tamim as well as other players has beencontributing to our rising Cricket for many years.
Ex: 2: Mother Teresa along with her fellow nuns …….. a revolutionary change in the field of humanity. [bring]
Ans: Mother Teresa along with her fellow nuns has brought a revolutionary change in the field of humanity.
Rule 19: Not only ……. But also, either……….or, neither……nor যদি দুটো sub কে যুক্ত করে তবে নিকটবর্তী sub টি অনুসারে verb বসবে।
Ex: 1. Not only Bangladesh but also Afghans ………..cricket very well.[play]
Ans: Not only Bangladesh but also Afghans are playing cricket very well.
Ex: 2.Either you or your friends …….. for this violence in the school campus.[punish]
Ans: Either you or your friends have to be punished for this violence in the school campus.
Ex: 3. Neither I nor my family members ……….. in the recent book fair.[go]
Ans: Neither I nor my family members have gone in the recent book fair.